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Influenza virus in wild birds and mammals other than man
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Molecular Virology .
2007 (English)In: Microbiological Ecology in Health and Disease, ISSN 0891-060X, Vol. 19, no 2, 122-139 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Influenza virus is an RNA virus that exists as different types and subtypes. Influenza A virus strains are known to cause disease in several bird and mammalian species. Wild birds are believed to constitute the natural reservoir for influenza A virus. Influenza A virus has the ability to change through antigenic drift and recombination allowing for the emergence of new strains and subtype combinations. In man influenza A virus causes yearly seasonal epidemics and, at irregular intervals, pandemic outbreaks have had a devastating impact on mankind. For example, the Spanish influenza pandemic of 1918 is thought to have killed more than 50 million people. Influenza A virus is an important cause of disease in poultry, where virus strains of the H5 and H7 subtypes may change into forms that are highly pathogenic. These virus strains may transmit directly to man and multiple other species. This has been the case in the ongoing outbreak that started in South-east Asia in 2003. All known subtypes of influenza A virus have been isolated from wild birds living in aquatic environments, mainly dabbling ducks. This review focuses on what is known about the pathogenicity and spread of influenza A virus in species other than man, with particular emphasis on the wild bird reservoir. © 2007 Taylor & Francis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 19, no 2, 122-139 p.
Keyword [en]
Avian influenza, Domestic birds, Ducks, Influenza A virus, Mammals, Wild birds
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-49366DOI: 10.1080/08910600701406786OAI: diva2:270262
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2011-01-11

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