Single-particle laser Doppler anemometry at 1.55 mu m
2001 (English)In: Applied Optics, ISSN 0003-6935, Vol. 40, no 6, 969-973 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We demonstrate the successful operation of a cw laser Doppler wind sensor at a wavelength of 1.55 mum. At longer ranges (>100 m) the signal conforms closely to complex Gaussian statistics, consistent with the incoherent addition of contributions from a large number of scattering aerosols. As the range is reduced, the probe volume rapidly diminishes and the signal statistics are dramatically modified. At the shortest ranges (<8 m) the signal becomes dominated by short bursts, each originating from a single particle within the measurement volume. These single-particle events can have a very high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) because (1) the signal becomes concentrated within a small time window and (2) its bandwidth is much reduced compared with multiparticle detection. Examples of wind-signal statistics at different ranges and for a variety of atmospheric backscatter conditions are presented. Results show that single-particle-scattering events play a significant role even to ranges of 50 m, leading to results inconsistent with complex Gaussian statistics. The potential is assessed for a low-power laser Doppler wind sensor that exploits the SNR enhancement obtained with single-particle detection. OCIS codes: 120.0280, 280.3400.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 40, no 6, 969-973 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-49384OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-49384DiVA: diva2:270280