Ubiquitous computing to support co-located clinical teams: Using the semiotics of physical objects in system design
2007 (English)In: International Journal of Medical Informatics, ISSN 1386-5056, Vol. 76, no SUPPL. 1, 58-64 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objectives: Co-located teams often use material objects to communicate messages in collaboration. Modern desktop computing systems with abstract graphical user interface (GUIs) fail to support this material dimension of inter-personal communication. The aim of this study is to investigate how tangible user interfaces can be used in computer systems to better support collaborative routines among co-located clinical teams. Methods: The semiotics of physical objects used in team collaboration was analyzed from data collected during 1 month of observations at an emergency room. The resulting set of communication patterns was used as a framework when designing an experimental system. Following the principles of augmented reality, physical objects were mapped into a physical user interface with the goal of maintaining the symbolic value of those objects. Results: NOSTOS is an experimental ubiquitous computing environment that takes advantage of interaction devices integrated into the traditional clinical environment, including digital pens, walk-up displays, and a digital desk. The design uses familiar workplace tools to function as user interfaces to the computer in order to exploit established cognitive and collaborative routines. Conclusion: Paper-based tangible user interfaces and digital desks are promising technologies for co-located clinical teams. A key issue that needs to be solved before employing such solutions in practice is associated with limited feedback from the passive paper interfaces. © 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 76, no SUPPL. 1, 58-64 p.
Cognitive artifacts, Collaborative work, Distributed cognition, Electronic patient record, Healthcare environments, Tangible user interfaces, Ubiquitous computing
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-49477DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2006.05.027OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-49477DiVA: diva2:270373