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Comparing academic entrepreneurship in Europe - The case of Sweden and Ireland
Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship .ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5960-9270
Linkoping Univ, Ctr Innovat & Entrepreneurship, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden Univ Wales, Sch Business & Reg Dev, Ctr Entreprise & Reg Dev, Bangor LL57 2DG, Gwynedd, Wales.
2000 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, Vol. 14, no 4, 299-309 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

One of the greatest challenges facing European economies is the comparatively limited capacity to convert scientific breakthroughs and technological achievements into industrial and commercial successes. As a result, there is growing awareness of the proactive approach being undertaken by academic institutions, with many adopting a direct entrepreneurial role in collaborating with industry. This paper examines the activities of those academics involved with industry within two small European countries, namely Sweden and Ireland. In particular, it discusses and contrasts the extent to which academic entrepreneurship (i.e. all commercialisation activities outside of the normal university duties of basic research and teaching) has developed. It examines the influence of gender, age, previous entrepreneurial experience, work experience and university environment on the entrepreneurship activities of a sample of academics in both countries. The results demonstrate that there is considerable entrepreneurial experience among academics in both countries, and that this translates into a high degree of involvement in "soft" activities such as consultancy and contract research, but not into organizational creation via technology spin-offs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 14, no 4, 299-309 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-49600OAI: diva2:270496
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2016-05-04

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