Tooth pulp tissue promotes neurite outgrowth from rat trigeminal ganglia in vitro
1999 (English)In: Journal of Neurocytology, ISSN 0300-4864, E-ISSN 1573-7381, Vol. 28, no 8, 663-670 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The mammalian tooth pulp becomes innervated by nociceptive and sympathetic axons relatively late during development, when part of the root has formed. In the adult, regenerating axons from an injured tooth nerve or sprouting axons from uninjured nerves in the vicinity rapidly reinnervate denervated tooth pulps. These observations indicate that tooth pulp tissue can use molecular factors to attract pulpal axons from local nerve trunks. The present study examines the hypothesis that these factors include nerve growth factor (NGF), brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF). Explants of trigeminal ganglia from neonatal rat pups showed a distinct neurite outgrowth when co-cultured with pulpal explants collected from molar teeth of 12-day old pups, or after application of a pulpal extract. Control cultures, containing single ganglionic explants, or explants co-cultured with heat-treated pulpal tissue, exhibited a sparse neurite outgrowth. Exogenous NGF and/or GDNF, but not exogenous BDNF, stimulated neurite outgrowth from ganglionic explants. Unexpectedly, application of antibodies against NGF, BDNF and/or GDNF to co-cultures of ganglionic and pulpal explants did not inhibit neuritogenesis. Control experiments showed that IgG molecules readily penetrate the gel used for culture and that even very high concentrations of NGF and GDNF antibodies in combination failed to block neurite growth. On the basis of these data we suggest that other as yet unknown neurite-promoting factors might be present and active in TG/pulpal co-cultures.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 28, no 8, 663-670 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-49702DOI: 10.1023/A:1007008815621OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-49702DiVA: diva2:270598