liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Conceptions and contexts: On the interpretation of interview and observational data
Halldén, O., Department of Education, Stockholm University, Sweden, Department of Education, Stockholm University, Frescati Hägväg 24, SE-113 98 Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Education, Stockholm University, Sweden.
Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science.
2007 (English)In: Educational psychologist, ISSN 0046-1520, Vol. 42, no 1, 25-40 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research within a constructivist approach often relies on interview data, which are used to reveal beliefs held by the interviewee or to expose conceptions or conceptual structures that are supposed to reside within the interviewee. From a sociocultural perspective, severe criticism has been leveled against the neglect of the problems of inferring conceptions held by a participant from what is uttered in an interview. Utterances should be looked upon as cultural tools used to realize discursive practices, rather than as propositions mirroring mental entities. It is argued that the clinical interview, often used by constructivists, disregards the impact of a situation and discursive norms with regard to what is uttered in a conversation. Here, it is argued that by taking into account an interviewee's conceptions of the situation, as well as of the subject matter being talked about, some sort of a bridge between the methodological standpoints of constructivism and sociocultural theory can be formed. It is proposed that utterances should be regarded as actions, and thus the problem of ascribing meanings to behavior is in focus, that is, how a series of behaviors can be regarded as an intentional action. It is argued that by means of such an approach, it is possible to make inferences about conceptions and conceptual structures much in the same way as is done in research on conceptual change. However, this means that utterances cannot just be "read off." The interviewee's aims, conceptions of the subject matter talked about, as well as the interviewee's conceptions of the situation to hand must be taken into account. A reinterpretation of data reported by Andrea diSessa and Bruce Sherin is used as an illustration. Copyright © 2007, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 42, no 1, 25-40 p.
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-49799DOI: 10.1080/00461520709336916OAI: diva2:270695
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2011-01-11

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Strömdahl, Helge
By organisation
Faculty of Educational SciencesLearning, Aesthetics, Natural science
In the same journal
Educational psychologist
Social Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 37 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link