Time-dependent nonlinear optical properties of pyroelectric liquid crystalline polymers
1999 (English)In: Macromolecular Symposia, ISSN 1022-1360, E-ISSN 1521-3900, Vol. 148, 179-195 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Highly oriented pyroelectric liquid-crystalline polymers were prepared by photopolymerization under the influence of a static electric field from binary mixtures of two acrylate monomers exhibiting chiral smectic C mesomorphism. Both monomers contained nitro groups to yield second order nonlinear optical properties (second harmonic generation) and one of the monomers had two functional groups to yield a crosslinked polymer. The room temperature second order nonlinear susceptibility of the polymers showed during the first two hours a 10 % decrease after which it remained constant during the next 48 days. At elevated temperatures there was a significant difference in the nonlinear optical properties over time between crosslinked and uncrosslinked polymers. The uncrosslinked polymer showed a pronounced loss of second order nonlinear optical activity with time at ≥38°C. The crosslinked polymer showed a much smaller and basically a temperature independent decrease rate in the second order nonlinear optical properties at all the ageing temperatures (23-130°C). Both the loss in mesogen order parameter, very evident for the uncrosslinked polymer, and conformational changes occurring within the mesogens (β mechanism), may account for the observations made.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 148, 179-195 p.
pyroelectric liquid crystalline polymers, second harmonic generation, long-term properties
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-49842DOI: 10.1002/masy.19991480115OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-49842DiVA: diva2:270738