The release of heavy metals in stabilised MSW by oxidation
1999 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, Vol. 244, 291-303 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Leaching experiments on partly stabilised MSW under oxic conditions have been carried out. The objective of the study was to investigate the effects on heavy metals in anaerobically stabilised MSW during the exposure to air. It was suspected that the oxidation could increase the mobility of heavy metals, and, thus, trigger a chemical time bomb (CTB). The experiments and similar investigations indicate that the initial oxidation of the most reactive compounds, such as some organic substances and acid volatile sulphides (AVS), will not mobilise large amounts of the total amount of heavy metals. However, the concentration in the leachate might increase up to one order of magnitude due to complexation with dissolved organic matter. The mobilisation is restricted by the presence of buffering substances in the waste, which are able to buffer neutral to weak alkaline leachates. The high buffer capacity of partly stabilised MSW indicates that acid leachates and CTBs will be avoided for a long period of time. However, acid leachates may appear earlier than expected in heterogeneously structured media where oxidation processes are enhanced along channels, which constitute favourable pathways for water and intruding air. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 244, 291-303 p.
heavy metals, MSW, partly stabilised, oxidation, leaching, buffering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-49913OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-49913DiVA: diva2:270809