Proposed strategy to sort semiconducting nanotubes by band-gap
2007 (English)In: Physica. E, Low-Dimensional systems and nanostructures, ISSN 1386-9477, Vol. 36, no 1, 73-78 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We propose a strategy that uses a tunable infra-red source and an alternating non-linear potential defined by an electrode to sort a suspension of assorted semiconducting nanotubes. The band-gap scales with the inverse of the nanotube diameter, hence the infra-red frequency can be tuned to create excitons in some of the nanotubes, these excitons will be polarized by the potential. Since, a polarized exciton is a dipole, the excited nanotubes will experience a net force and may then diffuse towards the electrode, unlike the other nanotubes. We discuss experimental parameters such as IR intensity, electrode design, and potential frequency for a pilot experiment to sort nanotubes with lengths ˜ 0.5 µ m. The basic physics of the system has been illustrated using a Hartree model applied to nanotubes with nanoscale lengths. The calculated exciton binding energy suddenly drops to zero and the force on the nanotube increases dramatically when the exciton disassociates as the nanotube moves towards the electrode. The quantum adiabatic theorem shows that excitons will be adiabatically polarized for potential frequencies typical for experiments ˜ 1 - 10 MHz. The analysis indicates that the manipulation of nanotubes with nanometer lengths requires nanoscale electrodes. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 36, no 1, 73-78 p.
Semiconducting nanotubes, Sorting process
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-50025DOI: 10.1016/j.physe.2006.07.047OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-50025DiVA: diva2:270921