Sources of psychiatric staff members' feelings towards patients and treatment outcome
2006 (English)In: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, ISSN 1476-0835, Vol. 79, no 4, 571-584 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study had two purposes. The first was to assess to what extent psychiatric staff members' feelings towards patients in small psychiatric units could be attributed to (a) the individual staff member's habitual feeling style, (b) stable and consistent feelings towards individual patients (the patient's evocative style) and (c) the interaction between these two factors. The second purpose was to analyse the associations between the proportions of these factors and the average outcome for the patients in the units. The study was based on a previously presented model for analysing sources of staff counter-transference. The model specifies contributions from the different sources by using two-way ANOVAs. In the present study, data from 21 psychiatric treatment units for patients with psychosis and personality disorder were used. The results indicated that the staff members' individual habitual feeling style and the interaction between this habitual feeling style and the patient's evocative style contributed most to the variance in staff feelings. Patients' individual evocative patterns contributed less. Positive treatment outcome was mainly negatively associated with contributions to the staff counter-transference from these sources, implying that fixed patterns in personal feeling style or fixed reaction styles to individual patients had a negative influence on outcome. © 2006 The British Psychological Society.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 79, no 4, 571-584 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-50044DOI: 10.1348/147608306X112984OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-50044DiVA: diva2:270940