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Hospitalizations for immersion-related injuries in Alaska 1991-2000
Karolinska Institute, Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Norrbacka, Stockholm SE-171, Sweden.
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science.
State of Alaska, Department of Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, 550 W. 7th Avenue, Suite 1370, Anchorage, AK 99501-3561, United States.
Statistician, Anchorage, AK 99507, United States.
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2006 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, Vol. 44, no 6, 479-489 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: This study analyzed factors associated with injuries to hospitalized victims of nonfatal immersion-related events in Alaska from 1991 through 2000. Data: Alaska Trauma Registry (ATR) records of victims of nonfatal immersion events requiring hospitalization were examined to identify factors associated with injury outcomes. Subjects were divided into two groups: the "immersion only" (IO) group had no additional injuries associated with their immersion-related events, while subjects in the "associated injury" (AI) group incurred additional trauma during injury events. Results: There were 176 ATR records of nonfatal immersion events. In 87 (49.5%) cases, hospitalizations were due to the effects of immersion only (IO group). In 89 (50.5%) cases, hospitalizations were due not only to the effects of immersion, but also due to additional injuries occurring immediately before or while immersion took place (AI group). The final logistic regression model revealed statistically significant relationships between age greater than 12 years, female gender, white ethnicity, and operation of water transport vehicles, and increased risk for associated injury outcomes (p < 0.05). Discussion: This study is the first of its kind to analyze factors associated with the most severe nonfatal immersion-related injuries in Alaska, and identifies target populations for future safety campaigns. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 44, no 6, 479-489 p.
Keyword [en]
Alaska, Immersion injuries, Nonfatal drowning, Risk analysis
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-50192DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2005.08.013OAI: diva2:271088
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2011-01-11

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Nilsen, Per
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