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Infections in families with small children: Use of social insurance and healthcare
Unit of R and D, Landstinget Kronoberg, Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö - General Practice/Family Medicine, Lund University, FoU Centrum Box 1223, SE-351 12 Växjö, Sweden.
Centre for Clinical Research, Dalarna, Falun.
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, General Practice.
Centre for Clinical Research, Dalarna, Falun.
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2006 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, Vol. 24, no 2, 98-103 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective. To examine infectious symptoms on a daily basis in families with small children and how often these infections cause people to stay at home or seek healthcare. Design. A population-based prospective study. Setting. Child health clinics in seven municipalities in Sweden. Subjects and main outcome measures. All family members of 835 families who came with an 18-month-old child to a child health clinic were asked to register all infectious symptoms in a diary for a month. They were also asked to indicate whether they had stayed at home from day-care or school, whether social insurance had been used, and whether they had contacted healthcare facilities or seen a physician. Results. In total, 7% of the 18-month-old children and 34% of the parents had no symptoms during the winter month. The most common symptom was a runny nose. The 18-month-old children had 1.6 symptom episodes with an average duration of 5.6 days. Of the symptom episodes 13% led to contact with healthcare facilities and 6% to an antibiotic prescription. Of the symptom days 27% required staying at home and in 10% social insurance was claimed. Conclusion. Symptoms of infection among families with small children were common, with a runny nose being the most common. Physician consultations and antibiotic prescriptions were used in a small proportion of the symptom episodes. Social insurance was claimed in about one-third of the days with absence from day-care. © 2006 Taylor & Francis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 24, no 2, 98-103 p.
Keyword [en]
Care utilization, Family, Family practice, Infections, Preschool children
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-50205DOI: 10.1080/02813430600645917OAI: diva2:271101
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2011-01-11

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Mölstad, Sigvard
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