Valence electronic states related to Mn2+ at La0.7 Sr0.3 MnO3 surfaces characterized by resonant photoemission
2006 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, Vol. 73, no 5Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Nonferromagnetic Mn2+ ions can be readily formed at the surface of half metallic La0.7 Sr0.3 MnO3 manganite as demonstrated by deoxygenating surface treatments. The 3 d5 contribution of these Mn2+ ions to the valence-band electronic structure has been characterized using Mn(2p) to 3d resonant photoemission measurements. The Mn2+ related 3d electrons were found to be stabilized by about 2 eV with respect to the mixed-valence 3d states, indicating their strong localization. Active participation of Mn2+ states in both spin and charge conductivity processes is therefore excluded. A two-channel picture, including independent Mn3+ Mn4+ and Mn2+ channels, emerges from detailed data analysis. Reversible Mn2+ formation and straightforward oxygen annealing effects point to a direct bonding between Mn2+ and oxygen vacancies that are most probably created at preexisting structural defects. The t2g and eg states of the mixed valence Mn3+ Mn4+ ions remain unaffected as the Mn2+ content increases, indicating a robust Mn3+ Mn4+ channel independent of structural defects. © 2006 The American Physical Society.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 73, no 5
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-50281DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.73.052403OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-50281DiVA: diva2:271177