The role of IGF-system in vascular insulin resistance
2008 (English)In: Hormone and Metabolic Research, ISSN 0018-5043, Vol. 40, no 9, 588-592 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Insulin and IGF-I are closely related peptides, which interact by several mechanisms. In high supraphysiological concentrations (=10-8M), they cross-react with each other's receptors with 100- to 1000-fold lower affinity than with their cognate receptors. This can cause confusion, since in many in vitro studies, insulin has been used in high unphysiological concentrations, which activate IGF-I receptors. Due to the differences in affinity, insulin and IGF-I probably do not activate each other's receptors in vivo. IGF-I receptors are several-fold more abundant than insulin receptors in human micro- and macrovascular endothelial cells and in human vascular smooth muscle cells. Both insulin and IGF-I receptor protein can be demonstrated and they are activated by their cognate ligand at physiological concentrations of 10-9-10-10M. In vascular smooth muscle cells, IGF-I but not insulin stimulates metabolism and growth. IGF-I stimulates DNA-synthesis and growth in microvascular endothelial cells, but neither insulin nor IGF-I have any effect on macrovascular endothelial cells. Both insulin and IGF-I have been shown to stimulate nitric oxide production in endothelial cells, but only the effect of IGF-I was obtained at a physiological concentration. In both endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells, insulin and IGF-I receptors occur as insulin/ICF-I hybrid receptors with high affinity to IGF-I and low for insulin. Due to the low number of insulin receptors and the presence of hybrid receptors the insulin receptor signal is probably too attenuated to elicit biological effects, explaining the insulin resistance of vascular cells in vitro. In vivo both insulin and IGF-I have been reported to increase muscle blood flow in physiological concentrations. Whether this is due to direct effects on endothelial cells or indirectly induced is not clear. The effect of insulin is attenuated by insulin resistance. In conclusion, the in vitro data suggest that endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells are sensitive to IGF-I, but insensitive to insulin, and this is due to a preponderance of IGF-I receptors and the presence of insulin/IGF-l hybrid receptors. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 40, no 9, 588-592 p.
Endothelial cells, ICF-1 receptors, Insulin, Vascular smooth muscle
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-50309DOI: 10.1055/s-0028-1082325OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-50309DiVA: diva2:271205