Efficient routes to ethyl-2-deoxy-2-phthalimido-1-β-D-thio-galactosamine derivatives via epimerization of the corresponding glucosamine compounds
2005 (English)In: Journal of carbohydrate chemistry, ISSN 0732-8303, E-ISSN 1532-2327, Vol. 24, no 3, 297-320 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Short synthetic routes to protected ethyl 2-deoxy-2-phthalimido-1-β-D- thio-galactosamine derivatives via epimerization of the corresponding glucosamine compounds are described. Starting from D-glucosamine hydrochloride, the epimerizations were performed by displacement of presynthesized triflates with nitrite anions and by an oxidation/reduction route. The latter method involved Moffatt oxidation to the corresponding 4-ketohexoses and subsequent reduction using sodium borohydride/ tetrabutylammonium borohydride, zinc borohydride, or lithium tri-sec-butyl borohydride in THF. The displacement route was found to be the preferred method for epimerization of 3-O-acyl (benzoyl) derivatives. For glucosamine compounds with 3-O-etheral- (allyl or benzyl) and 6-O-benzyl protecting groups, the oxidation/reduction route was the most convenient procedure to achieve corresponding galactosamine compounds. The produced galactosamine derivatives will be useful building blocks in the synthesis of antifreeze glycoproteins substances and analogues thereof.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 24, no 3, 297-320 p.
Antifreeze glycoproteins, Epimerization, Galactosamine, Glycosyl donors, Oligosaccharides
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-50380DOI: 10.1081/CAR-200061584OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-50380DiVA: diva2:271276