Look-ahead control – consequences of a non-linear fuel map on truck fuel consumption
2009 (English)In: Proceedings of the Institution of mechanical engineers. Part D, journal of automobile engineering, ISSN 0954-4070, Vol. 223, no 10, 1223-1238 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Consequences of non-linearities in specific fuel consumption (SFC) of a heavy truck combustion engine are studied with focus on such small road gradients that a constant speed is optimal if the engine torque has an affine relation to fuelling. A quasi-static analysis gives valuable insights into the intrinsic properties of minimization of fuel consumption. Two objective functions are shown to give different optimal velocity trajectories on a constant road gradient, when the non-linearity in SFC is significant, a notation which is quantified. For a significant non-linearity, when a constraint is set to keep a final time, switching between twocharacteristic speeds is optimal. Alternatively, if consumed time, in addition to fuel consumption, is part of the objective function, then keeping to one constant speed is optimal also for significant non-linearities. However, the different optimal solutions still show similarities, since for a certain significant non-linearity a specific speed range determined by the characteristic velocities is shown to be unobtainable for both optimality criteria. Similarresults are obtained for a full dynamic model including a realistic fuel map and other realistic constraints.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Professional Engineering Publishing , 2009. Vol. 223, no 10, 1223-1238 p.
look-ahead control, non-linear fuel map, truck, fuel consumption
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-50646DOI: 10.1243/09544070JAUTO1131OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-50646DiVA: diva2:271830