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Trafiksäkerhet inom ambulanssjukvården: Den operativa personalens syn på utryckningskörning
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Traffic safety within ambulance organizations : Emergency driving from the drivers’ point of view (English)
Abstract [sv]

Att framföra ett utryckningsfordon skiljer sig från att framföra en vanlig bil bland annat för de större friheter gällande trafikregler utryckningsförarna har. Dessa inkluderar både rätten att köra i högre hastigheter än annan trafik, men även möjligheten att kräva fri väg från andra trafikanter. Detta skapar en speciell interaktion mellan trafikanterna i trafiken där utryckningsfordonet kan ses som en lagligt olaglig agent. Avsaknaden på restriktioner gör dock körningen helt beroende på de enskilda utryckningsförarnas bedömning kring körbeteende. Trots det finns det inga nationella riktlinjer i Sverige fällande utbildning av utryckningsförare.

Den här studien undersökte normer och värderingar kring trafiksäkerhet hos operativ personal inom en ambulansorganisation. Semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes vilka var fokuserade på ett antal faktorer som förväntades kunna påverka trafiksäkerheten.

En tendens att se andra trafikanter som skyldiga för farliga situationer observerades, så väl som effekten olika uppdrag har på körningen, ett fenomen tidigare identifierat som ”red mist” (Dorn & Brown, 2003). Körningen ansågs vara ett känsligt ämne att kritisera och kollegors körstil sågs delvis bero på individuella skillnader. En påverkan på körningen av SOS Alarm påvisas samt att förarutbildningar nedprioriterats inom organisationen. En positiv attityd mot nationella riktlinjer som ett sätt att garantera förarutbildning observerades. Studien öppnar upp för ett flertal framtida studier vilka diskuteras.

Abstract [en]

Drivers of emergency vehicles (EV) are agents in the traffic system that by law are permitted to perform actions which are illegal for other road users. Not only can EV drivers legally drive above the speed limit, but they can also demand right of way by the use of warning lights and sirens. The lack of restrictions leaves the driving solely dependent on the judgment of each EV driver. Thus, the drivers should be well trained not just in driving skills but specifically in terms of risk assessment and self-assessment. However, there are no national guidelines in Sweden on training of EV drivers.

This study investigated the traffic safety norms among some ambulance drivers in Sweden. Semi-structured interviews were conducted focused on factors deemed important for traffic safety.

A tendency to attribute the reasons for risky situation to other drivers was found, as well as the presence of the condition dubbed “red mist” (Dorn & Brown, 2003). Driving was considered a sensitive matter in terms of critiquing and driving behaviour is partly attributed to individual differences. A positive attitude towards national guidelines was observed, as a way to ensure the sufficient EV driver training quality. A broader view of patient safety during pre-hospital health care is proposed to include EV transportation requirements.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 70 p.
Keyword [en]
ambulance, emergency vechicle, interview study, safety culture, traffic safety
Keyword [sv]
ambulans, intervjustudie, säkerhetskultur, trafiksäkerhet, utryckningsfordon, utryckningskörning
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-20652ISRN: LIU-IDA/KOGVET-A--09/008--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-20652DiVA: diva2:272446
Subject / course
Cognitive science programme
Presentation
2009-06-08, Linköping, 10:00 (Swedish)
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2009-10-15 Created: 2009-09-16 Last updated: 2011-07-08Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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