Functional Modeling of C2
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Command and Control (C2) refers to the process or function of commanding and controlling military or civilian units. For most military context C2 is exercised in an adversarial environment where two or more forces are fighting against each other. In these situations it is desirable to constrain the adversarial forces in order to prevent them from achieving their objectives. By maintaining an accurate view of the possible dependencies and couplings within the own forces and between the own and adversarial forces, constraints can be managed and coordinated.
The purpose of this thesis is to develop a model that is capable of capturing these dependencies and couplings. This model is developed using the Functional Resonance Analysis Method (FRAM; Hollnagel, 2004). FRAM builds on the assumption that all parts of the system can be described as functional units. These functional units can then be linked together to form large systems. The links themselves are defined by how a function may affect other functions or in turn be affected by them. This enables the model to incorporate complex interactions within the system as well as between two adversarial systems.
The microworld “Dynamiskt Krigsspel för Experiment” (DKE) was used to develop the model. A scenario with two teams battling in this adversarial microworld setting was analyzed in detail for this purpose. The developed model uses three different layers, or resolutions, of functions to capture all potential couplings between functions. The lowest level of functions, called the tactical level, is the physical actions of the units in the microworld. The next level, the operational level, concerns the more overarching goals for which the tactical functions are used. Last, the strategic level consists of the C2 functions, such as data collection, sensemaking and planning.
The developed model is then applied to the scenario in DKE and shown to be able to describe and explain all actions by the two adversary systems as well as the couplings and dependencies between them.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 30 p.
FRAM, C2, Command & Control, functional modeling
Human Computer Interaction
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-20669ISRN: LIU-IDA/KOGVET-G--09/004—SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-20669DiVA: diva2:274948
2009-06-03, Alan Turing, Linköping Universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (Swedish)
Woltjer, RogierDahlbäck, Nils, Professor
Dahlbäck, Nils, Professor