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Real-time rendering of very large 3D scenes using hierarchical mesh simplification
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology.
2009 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Captured and generated 3D data can be so large that it creates a problem for today's computers since they do not fit into the main or graphics card memory. Therefore methods for handling and rendering the data must be developed. This thesis presents a way to pre-process and render out-of-core height map data for real time use. The pre-processing uses a mesh decimation API called Simplygon developed by Donya Labs to optimize the geometry. From the height map a normal map can also be created and used at render time to increase the visual quality. In addition to the 3D data textures are also supported. To decrease the time to load an object the normal and texture maps can be compressed on the graphics card prior to rendering. Three different methods for covering gaps are explored of which one turns out to be insufficient for rendering cylindrical equidistant projected data.At render time two threads work in parallel. One thread is used to page the data from the hard drive to the main and graphics card memory. The other thread is responsible for rendering all data. To handle precision errors caused by spatial difference in the data each object receives a local origin and is then rendered relative to the camera. An atmosphere which handles views from both space and ground is computed on the graphics card.The result is an application adapted to current graphics card technology which can page out-of-core data and render a dataset covering the entire earth at 500 meters spatial resolution with a realistic atmosphere.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 43 p.
Keyword [en]
terrain rendering, mesh decimation, mesh simplification, out-of-core, atmosphere rendering, large dataset visualization
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-51571ISRN: LiU-ITN-TEK-A--09/056--SEOAI: diva2:275843
Available from: 2009-11-09 Created: 2009-11-08 Last updated: 2009-11-09Bibliographically approved

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Jönsson, Daniel
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