EU Migration Policy and the Politics of European Citizenship: A Matter of Rights… in Retreat?
2009 (English)In: Integrating Differences: Human Rights, Social Inclusion and Social Cohesion in the Balkans on its Road to the EU: Edited by Jana Lozanoska and Slavco Dimitrov / [ed] Jana Lozanoska and Slavco Dimitrov, Skopje: Euro-Balkan Institute , 2009, 36-68 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
The paper accounts for what is perceived of as the European Union's dual and evergrowing dependence on migration. Accordingly, whereas it is now officially acknowledged that extra-EU/extra-OECD migrants have become indispensable cogs in the EU's transforming economy—as spelled out in the EU's Lisbon Strategy for 'growth and jobs'—as well as indispensable replacements in the EU's shrivelling demography, migrants have also become indispensable scapegoats for a range of social problems that the EU's political life no longer seems capable of remedying. This is a European Union where a growing part of the economy has become dependent on the utilization of the cheap and flexible labour provided by temporary and undocumented migrants and rejected asylum seekers who lack rights. But it is also a European Union where governing bodies at both national and supranational levels have become dependent on security rhetoric (and with it an abundance of securitized migration policies) that metamorphoses and criminalizes the economically much-needed undocumented into the EU's most unwanted: the illegal immigrant. Integral to this development there is also a strong tendency on the part of both national and EU policy to pair the stated need for more ('legal') extra-EU labour migrants with reassurances to the public that these migrants by no means will burden the social welfare systems, nor be allowed to tamper with national and European cultural values.
The paper argues that this unfolding state of affairs needs to be analyzed as being part and parcel of the changing conceptions and frameworks of rights in the EU (both with regard to human rights and rights of citizenship) resulting from a quarter of a century of neo-liberal restructuring combined with a securitized migration policy and an increasingly exclusionary ethno-cultural and, above all, anti-Muslim identity politics. In this context, finally, the paper pays particular attention to the concept, politics and policy framing of EU citizenship, thus demonstrating the current centrality of EU migration policy for our grasp of the concrete content, registers and overall purpose of EU citizenship.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Skopje: Euro-Balkan Institute , 2009. 36-68 p.
Social Sciences Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-51627OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-51627DiVA: diva2:276107
Integrating Differences: Human Rights, Social Inclusion and Social Cohesion in the Balkans on its Road to the EU, 28-31May, 2009 Ohrid, Macedonia