Topics in Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Radio
2009 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Cognitive radio is a new concept of reusing licensed spectrum in an unlicensed manner. Cognitive radio is motivated by recent measurements of spectrum utilization, showing unused resources in frequency, time and space. The spectrum must be sensed to detect primary user signals, in order to allow cognitive radios in a primary system. In this thesis we study some topics in spectrum sensing for cognitive radio.
The fundamental problem of spectrum sensing is to discriminate samples that contain only noise from samples that contain a very weak signal embedded in noise. We derive detectors that exploit known structures of the signal, for the cases of an OFDM modulated signal and an orthogonal space-time block coded signal. We derive optimal detectors, in the Neyman-Pearson sense, for a few different cases when all parameters are known. Moreover we study detection when the parameters, such as noise variance, are unknown. We propose solutions the problem of unknown parameters.
We also study system aspects of cognitive radio. More specifically, we investigate spectrum reuse of geographical spectrum holes in a frequency planned primary network. System performance is measured in terms of the achievable rate for the cognitive radio system. Simulation results show that a substantial sum-rate could be achieved if the cognitive radios communicate over small distances. However, the spectrum hole gets saturated quite fast, due to interference caused by the cognitive radios.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2009. , 21 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1417
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-51748ISBN: 978-91-7393-523-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-51748DiVA: diva2:277285
2009-12-21, Glashuset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (English)
Selén, Yngve, Dr.
Larsson, Erik, Professor
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