Three-dimensional MRI volumetric measurements of the normal fetal colon
2009 (English)In: American Journal of Roentgenology, ISSN 0361-803X, E-ISSN 1546-3141, Vol. 192, no 3, 761-765 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVE: The use of fetal MRI markedly improves characterization of abdominal congenital anomalies. Accurate prenatal diagnosis of the level and cause of congenital intestinal obstruction is desired for optimal parental counseling and perinatal care. Because accurate diagnosis would be aided by nomograms of colonic volume, this study was conducted to determine normal colonic volumes at different gestational ages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study consisted of a review of 83 fetal MRI examinations performed on fetuses with no gastrointestinal abnormalities. MRI was performed with a 1.5-T system. Axial, sagittal, and coronal T1-weighted fast gradient-refocused echo images were acquired at TR/TE, 165/2.6; flip angle, 90 degrees; matrix size, 384 x 192; slice thickness, 5 mm; field of view, 38 cm(2). Two investigators determined the region of interest in the colon by outlining areas of high signal intensity of meconium slice by slice. They then calculated colonic luminal volume in the regions of interest. Colonic luminal volumes were reported relative to gestational age and abdominal circumference. Normative curves were generated, and interobserver and intraobserver analyses were performed. RESULTS: Seventeen of the 83 fetuses (20%) were excluded because of movement artifacts on the images. Normal colonic luminal volume increased exponentially with gestational age and abdominal circumference. The range of colonic luminal volumes at 20-37 weeks' gestational age was 1.1-65 mL. Variation of volume was greater at advanced gestational age. Interobserver and intraobserver correlation was good. CONCLUSION: This study yielded preliminary volumetric measurements of the normal fetal colon at 20-37 weeks of gestational age that suggest the fetal colon grows exponentially.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
United States: American Roentgen Ray Society , 2009. Vol. 192, no 3, 761-765 p.
fetal colon, fetal MRI, luminal volume
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-51858DOI: 10.2214/AJR.08.1504PubMedID: 19234275OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-51858DiVA: diva2:277853