Participatory watershed management to decrease land degradation and sediment transport in Kagera and Nyando catchments of Lake Victoria basin
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
Attention to participatory watershed management is increasing across the developing world as soil erosion continues to degrade agricultural land; reservoirs and irrigation infrastructure are clogged with sediment. The realization of the importance of watersheds is crucial for sustainable utilization especially in developing countries where rural livelihoods and economies are highly dependant on the exploitation of natural resources. The Lake Victoria basin is characterized by high population pressures, low productive subsistence agriculture, poor farming methods, loss of soil fertility and deforestation due to demand of fuel wood and charcoal, timber and building materials that are posing serious threat to watersheds. High population density in the basin also means new needs emerge too fast to which rural societies cannot respond in time leading to more area expansion for agricultural land. In spite of positive efforts under the Lake Victoria Basin Commission, there remains a huge gap between policy and institutional framework development at the top level and the actual implementation of actions on the ground to prevent land degradation, soil erosion and decrease sediment load. The study focused on Kagera and Nyando catchments of Lake Victoria Basin and aiming to establish if there exist and the extent to which participatory watershed management has been implemented on the ground to decrease land degradation and sediment load. It therefore provides an insight into watershed management in the Kagera and Nyando catchments by illustrating the link between policy formulation and actual implementation and enforcement.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 45 p.
Kagera and Nyando catchments, Lake Victoria basin, land degradation, participatory watershed management, policy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-51952ISRN: LIU-TEMAV/MPSSD-A--09/004--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-51952DiVA: diva2:278218
2009-05-26, TEMCAS, Tema house, Linköping University, 08:15 (English)
UppsokAgriculture, Veterinary Medicine, Forestry
Wittgren & Tonderski, Hans Bertil & Karin, Assoc. Prof
Andersson, Lotta, Assoc. Prof