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Supporting Scientific Collaboration through Workflows and Provenance
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, IISLAB - Laboratory for Intelligent Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2010 (English)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Science is changing. Computers, fast communication, and  new technologies have created new ways of conducting research.  For  instance, researchers from different disciplines are processing and  analyzing scientific data that is increasing at an exponential rate.  This kind of research requires that the scientists have access to  tools that can handle huge amounts of data, enable access to vast  computational resources, and support the collaboration of large  teams of scientists. This thesis focuses on tools that help support  scientific collaboration.

Workflows and provenance are two concepts that have proven useful in  supporting scientific collaboration.  Workflows provide a formal  specification of scientific experiments, and provenance offers a  model for documenting data and process dependencies.  Together, they  enable the creation of tools that can support collaboration through  the whole scientific life-cycle, from specification of experiments  to validation of results.  However, existing models for workflows  and provenance are often specific to particular tasks and tools.  This makes it hard to analyze the history of data that has been  generated over several application areas by different tools.  Moreover, workflow design is a time-consuming process and often  requires extensive knowledge of the tools involved and collaboration  with researchers with different expertise. This thesis addresses  these problems.

Our first contribution is a study of the differences between two  approaches to interoperability between provenance models: direct  data conversion, and mediation. We perform a case study where we  integrate three different provenance models using the mediation  approach, and show the advantages compared to data conversion.  Our  second contribution serves to support workflow design by allowing  multiple users to concurrently design workflows. Current workflow  tools lack the ability for users to work simultaneously on the same  workflow.  We propose a method that uses the provenance of workflow  evolution to enable real-time collaborative design of workflows.  Our third contribution considers supporting workflow design by  reusing existing workflows. Workflow collections for reuse are  available, but more efficient methods for generating summaries of  search results are still needed. We explore new summarization  strategies that considers the workflow structure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2010. , 70 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1427
Keyword [en]
Scientific collaboration, workflow, provenance, search engine, query language, data integration
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-52017Local ID: LiU–Tek–Lic–2009:35ISBN: 978-91-7393-461-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-52017DiVA: diva2:278820
Presentation
2010-01-15, Visionen, Hus B, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 15:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-12-10 Created: 2009-11-30 Last updated: 2009-12-10Bibliographically approved

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Supporting Scientific Collaboration through Workflows and Provenance(869 kB)687 downloads
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Ellqvist, Tommy

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