Roadmap for assessing regional trends in groundwater quality
2010 (English)In: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, ISSN 0167-6369, Vol. 165, no 1-4, 217-231 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Assessing regional trends in groundwater quality can be a difficult task. Data are often scattered in space and time, and the inertia of groundwater systems can create natural, seemingly persistent changes in concentration that are difficult to separate from anthropogenic trends. Here, we show how statistical methods and software for joint analysis of multiple time series can be integrated into a roadmap for trend analysis and critical examination of data quality. Ordinary and partial Mann-Kendall (MK) tests for monotonic trends and semiparametric smoothers for multiple time series constitute the cornerstones of our procedure. The MK tests include a simple and easily implemented method to correct for serial dependence, and the associated software is designed to enable convenient handling of numerous data series and to accommodate covariates and nondetects. The semiparametric smoothers are intended to facilitate detection of synchronous changes in a network of stations. A study of Swedish groundwater quality data revealed true upward trends in acid-neutralizing capacity (ANC) and downward trends in sulphate, but also a misleading shift in alkalinity level that would have been difficult to detect if the time series had been analysed separately.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Science Business Media , 2010. Vol. 165, no 1-4, 217-231 p.
Groundwater quality, Environmetrics, Multiple time series, Environmental monitoring, Mann-Kendall test
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-52246DOI: 10.1007/s10661-009-0940-7ISI: 000277371000019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-52246DiVA: diva2:280809
The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com:
Karl Wahlin and Anders Grimvall, Roadmap for assessing regional trends in groundwater quality, 2010, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, (165), 1-4, 217-231.
Copyright: Springer Science Business Media