Energy Efficient Load Adapting System Without Load Sensing: Design and Evaluation
2009 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
In load sensing systems, the pump pressure is controlled in a closed loop control mode. In this paper, a system solution where the displacement of the pump is controlled directly from the operator's demand is studied. Both the stability and the response is thereby improved. It also implies a better energy efficiency since the pump pressure will be adapted according to the point of operation with no additional pressure margin needed. In some mobile applications, pressure compensation is required to avoid load interference. When using common pre compensators in a displacement controlled system, the pump and the valve will both control the flow. A better solution would be to control the flow by the pump and utilize the valve as a flow divider. This can be achieved by using flow sharing compensators. It also allows further energy savings since the maximum restriction area of the main spool at one of the loads can be utilized independent of the flow delivered by the pump. This paper addresses the problem with using common pre compensators in displacement controlled systems and analyses and compares both a traditional load sensing system and an open controlled pump solution with flow sharing compensators. Measurements on a wheel loader application equipped with the system presented in this paper shows a decreased energy consumption of 14 % for the working hydraulics compared to a load sensing system during a short loading cycle, provided that the pump is not saturated.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
fluid power, mobile systems, LS systems, pre compensation, energy efficiency, flow sharing
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-52691OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-52691DiVA: diva2:284716
11th Scandinavian International Conference on Fluid Power, SICFP'09, June 2-4, Linköping, Sweden