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Reparationsstrategier i uppgiftsorienterad interaktion mellan personer med hörselnedsättning och deras anhöriga
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Speech and Language Pathology .
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Repair Strategies in Task-Oriented Interaction Involving Persons with Hearing Loss and their Significant Others (English)
Abstract [en]

The present study deals with task-oriented conversations between a person with hearing loss and a relative or friend. The purpose was to investigate how the participants in the task-oriented context co-construct understanding, and to focus on different kind of repair strategies that the participants may use to make the hearing loss relevant in the conversation. The method used was Conversation Analysis (CA). The material consisted of eight videotaped task-oriented conversations between a person with hearing loss and their significant other. Altogether eight persons participated in the study – four of them had a hearing loss and the other four had normal hearing. The essay also presents a summary of previous research on communication involving persons with hearing loss. The occurrence and usage of repair strategies was brought to focus as this was of particular interest for this study. It was revealed that quantitative measures of these phenomena previously have been the most commonly used method. The analysis demonstrated that the participants used several different types of repair initiatives during the studied sequences. The categorization was based upon these repair initiatives. The different initiatives were primarily classified according to the manner in whish they specified the nature of the repairable. The study pointed out that the underlying phenomena that were addressed in these sequences were of a complex and various nature. It was proposed that this might demonstrate a need to complement the approaches made earlier in this area with a more qualitative one.

Abstract [sv]

Föreliggande studie behandlar uppgiftsorienterad interaktion mellan en person med hörselnedsättning och dennes anhörig eller vän. Syftet var att undersöka hur deltagarna i den uppgiftsorienterade kontexten samkonstruerar förståelse, och att fokusera på olika reparationssekvenser som deltagarna eventuellt använder för att göra hörselnedsättningen relevant för samtalet. Arbetsmetoden omfattade samtalsanalys i bemärkelsen Conversation Analysis (CA). Materialet bestod av åtta videoinspelningar av uppgiftsorienterade samtal mellan person med hörselnedsättning och anhörig. I studien deltog sammanlagt åtta personer, varav fyra hade hörselnedsättning och fyra var normalhörande. I uppsatsen presenteras även en sammanfattning av tidigare forskning kring kommunikation hos personer med hörselnedsättning. Fokus lades på studier om förekomsten och användandet av reparationsstrategier eftersom dessa var av särskilt intresse för studien. Det visade sig att mer kvantitativa mätmetoder av dessa fenomen tidigare varit det vanligaste tillvägagångssättet. Genom analys av samtalen framkom att deltagarna under aktuella reparationssekvenser använde sig av flera olika typer av reparationsinitiativ. Kategoriseringen i analysen utgick från dessa reparationsinitiativ. Initiativen indelades främst utifrån vilket sätt de preciserade vad som behövde repareras. I studien framkom att de bakomliggande fenomenen som adresserades i dessa reparationer var av komplex och varierande natur. Det föreslogs att detta demonstrerar ett behov av att kunna komplettera de metoder som tidigare använts inom detta forskningsområde med en ett mer kvalitativt synsätt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
hearing loss, Conversation Analysis, task-oriented interaction, repair, communicative strategies
Keyword [sv]
hörselnedsättning, samtalsanalys, uppgiftsorienterad interaktion, reparation, kommunikativa strategier
National Category
Otorhinolaryngology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-52509ISRN: LIU-IKE/SLP-A--09/008--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-52509DiVA: diva2:285037
Presentation
(Swedish)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-01-11 Created: 2009-12-29 Last updated: 2010-12-10Bibliographically approved

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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
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