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Rock climbing injury rates and associated risk factors in a general climbing population
Karlstad University.
Karlstad University.
Karlstad University.
Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Public Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6049-5402
2009 (English)In: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE and SCIENCE IN SPORTS, ISSN 0905-7188, Vol. 19, no 6, 850-856 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective was to examine injury rates and associated risk factors in a representative sample of climbers. A random sample (n=606) of the Swedish Climbing Association members was sent a postal survey, with an effective response rate of 63%. Self-reported data regarding climbing history, safety practices and retrospective accounts of injury events (recall period 1.5 years) were obtained. Descriptive statistical methods were used to calculate injury incidences, and a two-step method including zero-inflated Poissons regression analysis of re-injuries was used to determine the combination of risk factors that best explained individual injury rates. Overall, 4.2 injuries per 1000 climbing hours were reported, overuse injuries accounting for 93% of all injuries. Inflammatory tissue damages to fingers and wrists were the most common injury types. The multivariate analysis showed that overweight and practicing bouldering generally implied an increased primary injury risk, while there was a higher re-injury risk among male climbers and a lower risk among the older climbers. The high percentage of overuse injuries implies that climbing hours and loads should be gradually and systematically increased, and climbers regularly controlled for signs and symptoms of overuse. Further study of the association between body mass index and climbing injury is warranted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 19, no 6, 850-856 p.
Keyword [en]
rock climbing, general climbing population, associated risk factors, injury, safety
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-52419DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2008.00851.xOAI: diva2:285075
Available from: 2010-01-11 Created: 2009-12-18 Last updated: 2013-09-05

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Timpka, Toomas
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