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Justice among Us: A Philosophical Analysis of Michael Walzer’s Theory of Justice
Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Rättvisan bland oss : En filosofisk analys av Michael Walzers rättviseteori (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

The American philosopher Michael Walzer has been regarded as one of the most influential theorists in the field of distributive justice since the publication of Spheres of Justice in 1983. However, despite the popularity, his theory is often misunderstood or said to suffer from serious shortcomings.

The aim of the dissertation is to present and defend a clearer and stronger version of Walzer’s theory of distributive justice. After a brief sketch of Walzer’s early works, in which important concepts were introduced and developed, the mature theory is analysed. By subjecting the key areas of Walzer’s theory to a critical and reconstructive philosophical analysis, a stronger and more detailed account is gained. Important ideas and concepts such as community, consent, interpretation, social meanings, complex equality and minimal morality are discussed, criticised and revised in order to strengthen the theory. In addition, a comparison is made between John Rawls’s method of wide reflective equilibrium and Walzer’s interpretative method; it is argued that the methods of the two philosophers exhibit considerable similarities.

Abstract [sv]

I denna avhandling granskas den teori om distributiv rättvisa som presenterats av den amerikanske filosofen Michael Walzer. Walzer har alltsedan publikationen av Spheres of Justice 1983 varit en av de mest inflytelserika teoretikerna inom forskningsfältet distributiv rättvisa. Trots detta missförstås hans teori ofta. Den antas också lida av allvarliga brister.

Syftet med avhandlingen är att genom rekonstruktiv filosofisk analys klargöra och förstärka Walzers teori om distributiv rättvisa. Efter en kort översikt av Walzers tidiga verk, i vilka viktiga begrepp introduceras och utvecklas, analyseras den etablerade teorin. Genom att underkasta de centrala delarna av Walzers teori en kritisk och rekonstruerande filosofisk analys, så kan en klarare och starkare version frambringas. Viktiga idéer och begrepp såsom community, consent, interpretation, social meanings, complex equality och minimal morality diskuteras, kritiseras och revideras därför i syfte att klargöra och stärka teorin.

En jämförelse görs även mellan John Rawls breda reflektiva ekvilibrium och Walzers interpretativa metod. Jag hävdar att de två filosofernas metoder uppvisar anmärkningsvärda likheter

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2010. , 280 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 506Linköping Studies in Identity and Pluralism, ISSN 1651-8993 (print), 1651-9000 (online) ; 11
Keyword [en]
Walzer, distributive justice, equality, community, universal morality, social meaning, complex equality, social criticism, interpretation, reflective equilibrium
Keyword [sv]
Walzer, distributiv rättvisa, jämlikhet, social gemenskap, universell moral, social mening, komplex jämlikhet, social kritik, tolkning, reflektivt ekvilibrium
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-53268ISBN: 978-91-7393-468-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-53268DiVA: diva2:287926
Public defence
2010-02-19, Key 1, House Key, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-01-20 Created: 2010-01-20 Last updated: 2014-10-02Bibliographically approved

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Agnafors, Marcus

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