Myelin protein zero is naturally processed in IgM MGUS B cells: Aberrant triggering of patient T cells
2010 (English)In: Haematologica, ISSN 0390-6078, E-ISSN 1592-8721, Vol. 95, no 4, 627-636 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background and Objectives: Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) of IgM isotype is a condition with clonally expanded B cells, recently suggested having an infectious origin. MGUS is frequently associated with polyneuropathy and antibodies against myelin protein zero (P0), whereas the role of the T cells remains largely unknown. Here we have analyzed P0-specific B cells, as antigen-presenting cells, and their capacity to activate T helper cells.
Design and Methods: We used a well-characterized MGUS-derived B cell line, TJ2, expressing anti-P0 IgM. The ability of TJ2 cells to bind, endocytose, process, and present P0 was investigated by receptor-clustering and immunofluorescence. The activation of P0-specific autologous T cells was studied by measuring IL2 and IFNγ with flow cytometry, immunobeads, and ELISPOT.
Results: Surface-receptor clustering and endocytosis of receptor-ligand (IgM/P0) complexes were pronounced after P0 exposure. Naturally processed or synthetic P0 peptide (194-208)-pulsed TJ2 cells significantly induced IL2 secretion from autologous T cells compared to control antigen pulsed cells (p<0 .001). The numbers of IFNγ producing T helper cells, including CD4+/CD8+ cells, were also significantly increased (p=0.0152). Affinity-isolated naturally processed myelin peptides were potent IFNγ stimulators for autologous PBMCs, but not for control PBMCs.
Interpretation and conclusions: We show for the first time that myelin P0 is naturally processed in IgM MGUS B cells, acting as aberrant antigen-presenting cells in activation of patients T helper cells. Our findings cast new light on the important role of autoreactive P0-specific B cells in he induction of the pathogenic T cell responses found in nerve lesions of MGUS patients with peripheral neuropathy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 95, no 4, 627-636 p.
Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance, myelin P0, peripheral neuropathy, CD5+B cells
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-53280DOI: 10.3324/haematol.2009.015123ISI: 000277144800017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-53280DiVA: diva2:288133