Net effect of memory collaboration: How is collaboration affected by factors such as friendship, gender and age?
2001 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, Vol. 42, no 4, 367-375 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The purpose of the study was to investigate explicit spatial and verbal collaborative memory performance. Factors such as friendship, age and gender were chosen for ecological and theoretical reasons. In Experiment I friendship and age were studied. The task was to retrieve the location of 25 pictures, which were presented in a 5 x 5-matrix grid. All participants retrieved once individually and once dyadically. Dyads were compared to the predicted base line, i.e., the pooled score from two participants working on their own (the same participants as in the dyad). Based on cognitive development aspects and collaboration data, it was predicted that the young collaborating dyads would not be able to reduce the net negative effects of collaboration to the same extent as older dyads. The findings revealed that, (1) dyadic collaboration affected spatial memory performance negatively, i.e., net negative effects of collaboration; (2) older (15-years-old), as opposed to young (7-years-old) dyads, reduced the net negative effects of collaboration and; (3) friend dyads, regardless of age, were able to reduce the net negative effect. In experiment 2, gender differences were studied in two explicit memory tasks. The purpose was to investigate if earlier findings of collaboration can be generalised to another ecological aspect of group composition, i.e., gender. Gender differences were studied at individual and group level. The results suggest that gender related memory differences exist on an individual and dyadic level in terms of absolute scores. Women remember explicit memory tasks to a greater degree than men. No main effect was found for gender in collaboration. i.e., both genders suffered compared to predicted potential.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 42, no 4, 367-375 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-53563DOI: 10.1111/1467-9450.00248OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-53563DiVA: diva2:289380