Alcohol and drugs in drivers fatally injured in traffic accidents in Sweden during the years 2000-2002
2005 (English)In: Forensic Science International, ISSN 0379-0738, Vol. 151, no 1, 11-17 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
During the years 2000-2002, alcohol, pharmaceuticals and illicit drugs were analysed in blood samples from fatally injured drivers in Sweden. The total number of drivers was 920 and in 855 of these, corresponding to 93%, a toxicological investigation was performed. About 85% of the drivers were men and 15% were women. All but three women (96%) were car drivers while the corresponding figure for men was about 78% and about 13% were motorcyclists. The number of positive cases increased from 38.9% in year 2000 to 45.9% in year 2002 and alcohol was the most common drug with frequencies of 19.8%, 25.0% and 21.8% for the studied years 2000, 2001 and 2002, respectively. The median blood alcohol concentration ranged from 1.6 to 2.0 mg/mL for men and from 1.2 to 1.8 mg/mL for women. There was a decrease in cases where alcohol was the only drug detected, from 52 out of 58 cases (90%) in year 2000 to 41 out of 61 cases (67%) in 2002. At the same time there was an increase, from 5.4% to 10.0% of illicit drugs, mainly amphetamine, and the cases with multiple drug intake increased from 10% to 26%. The prevalence of pharmaceuticals as the only drug or drugs detected decreased from 14.0% to 10.4% and in the majority of these cases the drug concentrations were within the therapeutic range.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 151, no 1, 11-17 p.
forensic toxicology; driving traffic accident; alcohol; drugs
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-53507DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2004.06.031OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-53507DiVA: diva2:289736