Modeling the impact of potential wetlands on phosphorus retention in a Swedish catchment
2005 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, Vol. 34, no 7, 544-551 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In southern Sweden, wetlands are constructed to remove nitrogen (N) in agricultural catchments. The possible effects of such wetlands on riverine phosphorus (P) were also estimated using input-output data from three well-monitored wetlands. This was done to formulate a simple model for removal of P that is dependent on inflow characteristics. Next, the N- and P-reducing effects of wetlands were modeled on a catchment scale (1900 km 2) using the HBV-NP model and various assumptions about the wetland area and location. All three wetlands functioned as sinks for total P (tot-P) and for total suspended solids (TSS) with a removal of 10% to 31% and 28% to 50%, respectively. Mean P-removal rates of 17-49 kg ha(-1) yr(-1) were well simulated with the model. Catchment scale simulations indicated that wetlands were more efficient (in percentage of load) as traps for P than for N and that this may motivate the construction of wetlands for P removal far upstream from the catchment outlet.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 34, no 7, 544-551 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-53499DOI: 10.1579/0044-7447-34.7.544OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-53499DiVA: diva2:289812