Circulating CD4dimCD25highFOXP3+ regulatory T cells in severe early-onset preeclampsia
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Preeclampsia is an inflammatory condition suggested to involve regulatory CD4+CD25high T helper cell (Treg) disturbances. However, the importance of Tregs in early-onset preeclampsia, associated with increased disease severity and possibly representing a more distinct placental disease, remains unclear. We recently showed that by defining Tregs as CD4dimCD25high cells, the risk of including activated non-Tregs, being more prominent in the circulation during pregnancy, is avoided. The aim of this study was to determine, using updated Treg markers and flow cytometric gating strategies, the frequency and phenotype of circulating Tregs from women with severe early-onset preeclampsia (n=10) as compared with healthy pregnant (n=20) and nonpregnant (n=20) women. The frequency of CD4dimCD25high cells and the expression of FOXP3 was similar in healthy and preeclamptic pregnancy. However, the occurrence of CTLA-4+ and HLA-DR+ cells in the Treg population from preeclamptic women tended to be higher than in healthy pregnant women, indicating alterations in Treg functionality in preeclampsia. Further, the Treg population from healthy pregnant, but not preeclamptic, women tended to be enriched for CCR4+ and CD45R0+ cells as compared with nonpregnant women. In conclusion, although the findings do not support a role for diminished circulating Treg frequency in severe early-onset preeclampsia, the study suggests functional alterations related to Treg suppression, activation and migration mechanisms in this subgroup of preeclamptic women.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-53617OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-53617DiVA: diva2:290241