Spectroscopic Ellipsometry of Bulk MAX-phases
2009 (English)In: Proceedings of the AVS 56th International Symposium & Exhibition, 2009, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
MAX-phases are compounds with the chemical formula Mn+1AXn where M is a transition metal, A is an element from column 13 to 16 in the periodic system and X represents C or N and n = 1, 2 or 3. These materials are potentially technologically important as they show unique refractory and other physical properties due to the combination of metals and ceramics. From a fundamental point of view the band structure of these materials are of interest and optical reference data are important to determine. Herein we report, for the first time, on the optical properties of NbTiAlC, Nb2AlC, TiSC2, Cr2GeC, TiGeC2, Ti2AlC, and Ti2AlN by spectroscopic ellipsometry in the 0.03 to 6.0 eV spectral range. The ellipsometric data in the infrared range show features corresponding to Fano modes indicating the presence of a thin oxide layer a few nm thick. The optical response of these MAX-phases is represented by a Drude-Lorentz model. Thus, in the low energy range the electrical conductivity through the Drude term is evaluated and two or three interband electronic transitions which are compositional dependent can be identified at photon energies in the visible-ultraviolet range 1.0-6.0 eV.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
National CategoryNatural Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-53725OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-53725DiVA: diva2:291403
AVS 56th International Symposium & Exhibition, San Jose, CA ,USA, November 8-13, 2009