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Managing hot flushes in men after prostate cancer-A systematic review
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Obstetrics and gynecology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Surgery, Orthopaedics and Cancer Treatment, Department of Surgery VHN.
2010 (English)In: Maturitas, ISSN 0378-5122, E-ISSN 1873-4111, Vol. 65, no 1, 15-22 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Context and objective: The aim of this study was to describe hot flushes in men with prostate cancer, and their treatment methods. Method: A systematic review was conducted of the literature indexed between 1966 and 2009 on the MEDLINE, the ISI Web of Knowledge, Cinahl and PsycINFO. Of 252 articles identified, 32 were selected for consideration of their complete texts, of which five were subject to detailed analysis. Results: Diethylstilbestrol, megestrol acetate and cyproterone acetate have the strongest effect, giving a 75% or larger decrease of the number of hot flushes, but they may have severe or bothersome side-effects. Gabapentin has an uncertain effect. Clonidine is not proven effective for hot flushes. Long-term effects were not evaluated in any of the studies. SSRI/SNRI and acupuncture may have a moderate effect on hot flushes but are not proven in any RCTs. Conclusion: Hot flushes are common and bothersome symptoms in men with prostate cancer and those taking anti-androgen treatment, and reduce quality of life. Few treatments are available and some are avoided for these patients. Additional prospective treatment studies are needed, with long-term follow-up, in order to evaluate the effects and risks of treatments. Treatments with few or no severe side-effects should be prioritised in future investigations. Experimental studies are also needed to elucidate the mechanism behind hot flushes in men and to suggest routes for the development of new treatments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 65, no 1, 15-22 p.
Keyword [en]
Prostate cancer, Androgen deprivation therapy, Vasomotor symptoms, Hot flushes, Treatment
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-53817DOI: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2009.10.017ISI: 000273856900005OAI: diva2:292221
Available from: 2010-02-05 Created: 2010-02-05 Last updated: 2013-03-04

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Frisk, Jessica
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Obstetrics and gynecologyFaculty of Health SciencesDepartment of Surgery VHN
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