Cell expansion of human articular chondrocytes on macroporous gelatine scaffolds: — impact of micro carrier selection on cell proliferation
2011 (English)In: Biomedical Materials, ISSN 1748-6041, Vol. 6, no 6, 065001- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study investigates human chondrocyte expansion on four macroporous gelatine microcarriers (CultiSpher) differing with respect to two manufacturing processes—the amount of emulsifier used during initial preparation and the gelatine cross-linking medium. Monolayer-expanded articular chondrocytes from three donors were seeded onto the microcarriers and cultured in spinner flask systems for a total of 15 days. Samples were extracted every other day to monitor cell viability and establish cell counts, which were analysed using analysis of variance and piecewise linear regression. Chondrocyte densities increased according to a linear pattern for all microcarriers, indicating an ongoing, though limited, cell proliferation. A strong chondrocyte donor effect was seen during the initial expansion phase. The final cell yield differed significantly between the microcarriers and our results indicate that manufacturing differences affected chondrocyte densities at this point. Remaining cells stained positive for chondrogenic markers SOX-9 and S-100 but extracellular matrix formation was modest to undetectable. In conclusion, the four gelatine microcarriers supported chondrocyte adhesion and proliferation over a two week period. The best yield was observed for microcarriers produced with low emulsifier content and cross-linked in water and acetone. These results add to the identification of optimal biomaterial parameters for specific cellular processes and populations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bristol, UK: Institute of Physics Publishing Ltd. , 2011. Vol. 6, no 6, 065001- p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54114DOI: 10.1088/1748-6041/6/6/065001ISI: 000298241800001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-54114DiVA: diva2:299694
Funding agencies|Swedish foundation for strategic research|
|Linkoping University and Landstinget i Ostergotland||2010-02-232010-02-232015-06-29