The Role of Platelet Rich Plasma and Dynamic Centrifugation on Extracellular Matrix Formation of Human Articular Chondrocytes on Macroporous Gelatin Microcarriers in Pellet Culture
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Platelet rich plasma (PRP) has been investigated for its beneficial use in cartilage tissue engineering previously. Here, we address the effect of using PRP as encapsulating agent for gelatin-supported chondrocyte pellet culture in vitro. Furthermore, the concept of using dynamic centrifugation to stimulate extracellular matrix (ECM) formation of the chondrocytes is explored. Human articular chondrocytes were expanded on macroporous gelatin microcarriers in a spinner flask system. The cell-seeded microcarriers were allowed to form pellets with or without re-calcified citrated PRP, and subjected to dynamic centrifugation (f = 0.0125 Hz) for a total of 16 min every other day using a standard tabletop centrifuge. Three acceleration curves with differing top speeds (corresponding to 500 g, 1500 g and 3000 g respectively) were used for the experimental groups and unstimulated controls were set for comparison. Pellets were kept in culture for up to 12 weeks, paraffin embedded and sectioned for histological and immunohistochemical analysis. Results showed increasing numbers of cells and ECM with time, as well as a gradual degradation of the gelatin microcarriers, indicating ongoing cell proliferation and metabolism throughout the culture period. Cell densities and ECM formation were more pronounced in the PRP-containing groups after four weeks, although this difference diminished with time. At the last time point several cartilage markers were found in the produced ECM, however including the fibrocartilaginous marker collagen type I. Dynamic centrifugation did not visibly increase the ECM accumulation over the 12-week duration of this experiment, although non-conclusive indications of collagen fiber organization were seen in the two groups with the highest acceleration limits at the last time point.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54115OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-54115DiVA: diva2:299698