Effects of phase equilibrium on the oxidation behavior of rare-earth-doped α-sialon ceramics
1999 (English)In: Journal of Materials Research, ISSN 0884-2914, Vol. 14, no 4, 1462-1470 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A series of rare-earth-(RE)doped α-sialons (RExSi12-4.5xAl4.5xO1.5xN16-1.5x, with X = 0.4 for RE = Nd, Sm, Yb, and x = 0.48 for RE = Y) were prepared and heat-treated in air at 1350 oC for 66-727 h (3-30 days), and the variation in composition and structure with time of the formed oxide scales and matrix materials were investigated. In the oxide scales of the Nd-, Sm-, and Y-containing samples a liquid was formed, apparently in (quasi-)equilibrium with the crystalline phases cristobalite and mullite, while only crystalline Yb2Si2O7, cristobalite, and mullite were observed in the Yb sample. Apparently, the liquid plays an important role in the oxidation process. In the depleted zone, located between the scale and the matrix, the liquid attacks the matrix phases, and a process takes place in which the originally formed phases dissolve and repricipitate as more oxygen-rich phases. In the Nd- and Sm-doped systems, where the α-sialon phase is inherently metastable at 1350 oC, an extensive α → β-sialon transformation takes place, creating still more liquid. As a consequence, the oxidation resistance of α-sialons containing Nd and Sm is much lower than those containing Y and, in particular, Yb.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 14, no 4, 1462-1470 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54195DOI: 10.1557/JMR.1999.0197OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-54195DiVA: diva2:300918