Optimizing immobilization on two-dimensional carboxyl surface: pH dependence of antibody orientation and antigen binding capacity
2010 (English)In: ANALYTICAL BIOCHEMISTRY, ISSN 0003-2697, Vol. 398, no 2, 161-168 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The performance of immunosensors is highly dependent on the amount of immobilized antibodies and their remaining antigen binding capacity. In this work, a method for immobilization of antibodies on a two-dimensional carboxyl surface has been optimized using quartz crystal microbalance biosensors. We show that successful immobilization is highly dependent on surface pK(a), antibody pI, and pH of immobilization buffer. By the use of EDC/sulfo-NHS (1-ethyl-3-[3-dimethylaminopropyl] carbodiimide hydrochloride/N-hydroxysulfosuccinimide) activation reagents, the effect of the intrinsic surface pKa is avoided and immobilization at very low pH is therefore possible, and this is important for immobilization of acidic proteins. Antigen binding capacity as a function of immobilization pH was studied. In most cases, the antigen binding capacity followed the immobilization response. However, the antigen-to-antibody binding ratio differed between the antibodies investigated, and for one of the antibodies the antigen binding capacity was significantly lower than expected from immobilization in a certain pH range. Tests with anti-Fc and anti-Fab(2) antibodies on different antibody surfaces indicated that the orientation of the antibodies on the surface had a profound effect on the antigen binding capacity of the immobilized antibodies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 398, no 2, 161-168 p.
Antibody, Orientation, Biosensor, Immobilization, Sensor surface, QCM
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54265DOI: 10.1016/j.ab.2009.11.038ISI: 000274615100003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-54265DiVA: diva2:302274