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Are tradable green certificates a cost-efficient policy driving technical change or a rent-generating machine? Lessons from Sweden 2003-2008
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1952-902X
Chalmers.
2010 (English)In: ENERGY POLICY, ISSN 0301-4215, Vol. 38, no 3, 1255-1271 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the European policy debate, tradable green certificates (TGC) have been suggested to be a superior regulatory framework for promoting the diffusion of renewable electricity technologies. The purpose of this paper is to assess the performance of the Swedish TGC system, contributing to the European debate on the suitability of different types of frameworks. The expectations of the TGC system were that it would: (a) be effective in terms of increasing the supply of "green" electricity; (b) do this in a cost effective manner (from both a social and a consumer perspective): (c) generate an equitable distribution of costs and benefits and (d) drive technical change. So far, it has performed adequately in terms of effectiveness and social cost effectiveness. However, consumer costs have been substantially higher than expected, very large rents are generated and, at best, it contributes marginally to technical change. Thus. a TGC framework should be selected if the overriding concern is to minimize short term social costs of reaching a certain goal with a high degree of predictability. However, it cannot be expected to also drive technical change, keep consumer costs down and be equitable. Such trade-offs need to be revealed and not obscured by analysts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 38, no 3, 1255-1271 p.
Keyword [en]
Tradable green certificates, Rents, Technical change
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54262DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2009.11.001ISI: 000274500000005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-54262DiVA: diva2:302281
Note
Original Publication: Anna Bergek and Staffan Jacobsson, Are tradable green certificates a cost-efficient policy driving technical change or a rent-generating machine? Lessons from Sweden 2003-2008, 2010, ENERGY POLICY, (38), 3, 1255-1271. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2009.11.001 Copyright: Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. http://www.elsevier.com/ Available from: 2010-03-05 Created: 2010-03-05 Last updated: 2014-10-08

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Citation style
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