Efficient Irrigation Water Allocation and Use for Enhanced Paddy Productivity: Case study of Mugerero in Imbo lowland Region in Burundi
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
To address increasing irrigation water demand consecutive to the increasing population pressure in terms of food demand, there is an imperative of developing relevant mechanisms to regulate irrigation water consumption patterns. A radical shift from uncontrolled flooding irrigation as currently practiced by farmers in Mugerero paddy farming zone towards efficient allocation and use of water resources is important to save water that could be allocated to other water users.
This paper surveys current and past views on the way irrigation water is allocated in the irrigation scheme of Mugerero and how farmers are using water for paddy production purpose. The existing irrigation water practices as well as paddy productivity are assessed and the results are expected to be useful for water policy professionals, while addressing the growing water demand. According to the respondents, the causes of low paddy yields are the increasing and uncontrolled extension of paddy farming, non adapted irrigation infrastructure and water pricing systems as well as lack of updated knowledge and technologies on irrigation. These issues faced by the paddy farmers have led to pronounced economic, social and environmental consequences which are manifested in conflicts over irrigation water use, increasing soil salinity and pollution, destruction of infrastructure and above all, low irrigation paddy yields.The identification of the core problem in the irrigation system might be important for water managers as it would provide a starting point to establish comprehensive baseline towards efficient irrigation water allocation and use. This would improve paddy productivity within the formal as well as the growing informal paddy farming referred to “hors- perimeter” in the low land of Imbo region.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 40 p.
Mugerero low land, Efficient irrigation water use, Paddy productivity, Water allocation, Water pricing
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54285ISRN: LIU-TEMAV/MPSSD-A--09/002--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-54285DiVA: diva2:302518
UppsokSocial and Behavioural Science, Law