Longitudinal peak strain detects a smaller risk area than visual assessment of wall motion in acute myocardial infarction
2010 (English)In: Cardiovascular ultrasound, ISSN 1476-7120, Vol. 8, no 2, 1-12 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Opening of an occluded infarct related artery reduces infarct size and improves survival in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). In this study we performed tissue Doppler analysis (peak strain, displacement, mitral annular movement (MAM)) and compared with visual assessment for the study of the correlation of measurements of global, regional and segmental function with final infarct size and transmurality. In addition, myocardial risk area was determined and a prediction sought for the development of infarct transmurality >or=50%.
METHODS: Twenty six patients with STEMI submitted for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were examined with echocardiography on the catheterization table. Four to eight weeks later repeat echocardiography was performed for reassessment of function and magnetic resonance imaging for the determination of final infarct size and transmurality.
RESULTS: On a global level, wall motion score index (WMSI), ejection fraction (EF), strain, and displacement all showed significant differences (p or=50%, but strain added no significant information to that obtained with WMSI in a logistic regression analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: In patients with acute STEMI, WMSI, EF, strain, and displacement showed significant changes between the pre- and post PCI exam. In a ROC-analysis, strain had 64% sensitivity at 80% specificity and WMSI around 90% sensitivity at 80% specificity for the detection of scar with transmurality >or=50% at follow-up.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 8, no 2, 1-12 p.
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54292DOI: 10.1186/1476-7120-8-2ISI: 000275201700001PubMedID: 20064264OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-54292DiVA: diva2:302570
Original Publication: Lene Rosendahl, Peter Blomstrand, Lars Brudin, Tim Tödt and Jan E Engvall, Longitudinal peak strain detects a smaller risk area than visual assessment of wall motion in acute myocardial infarction, 2010, Cardiovascular ultrasound, (8), 2, 1-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1476-7120-8-2 Licensee: BioMed Central http://www.biomedcentral.com/2010-03-082010-03-082014-01-17Bibliographically approved