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Developing methods for distributing particles in electrospun materials
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
2010 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Metodutveckling för distribution av partiklar i elektrospunna material (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

The time when it will be possible to grow complex organs in a lab environment comes closerdue to the rapid progress taking place in the area of biotechnology and tissue engineering.Various tissue engineering methods of creating artificial scaffolds has evolved, one of thosebeing electrospinning. Electrospun scaffolds are beneficial in tissue engineering applicationsforemost in regard to their body-mimicking structure. Small pore sizes and low porosities mayhowever limit cell infiltration and thereby creation of 3D functional tissues. The issue of cellinfiltration in electrospun constructs such as nonwoven polymer scaffolds for use in tissueengineering may be solved by a method of simultaneous integration i.e. integrating particlesduring the phase of production in the electrospinning process. In this thesis investigation of aproof-of-concept to the idea of in the future distributing living cells within the threedimensionalstructure during the process of electrospinning of a polymeric biomaterial weremade. To be able to conduct simple experiments glass particles with proper sizes are used tosubstitute living cells. During this thesis a novel method called spray electrospinning tookshape enabling a fine distribution of particles in an electrospun material.The work in this thesis shows that there are methods to simultaneously integrate particles inproduction of scaffold materials, one of these composed of spraying particles whileelectrospinning on a rotating collector. The experiments were done in order to compare thedifferent methods; Double, Coaxial and Spray electrospinning pointing out similarities anddifferences between the three. The methods used to characterize the materials include scalemeasurements and SEM image analysis to determine morphology, fibre diameter, layerthickness and distance between particles. Glass particles were used as substitutes for livingcells for the sake of proof of concept which showed that these can successfully be integratedsimultaneously in an electrospun material. However porosity and the number of particles haveto be further optimized for the material to be ready for use in tissue engineering.The time when it will be possible to grow complex organs in a lab environment comes closerdue to the rapid progress taking place in the area of biotechnology and tissue engineering.Various tissue engineering methods of creating artificial scaffolds has evolved, one of thosebeing electrospinning. Electrospun scaffolds are beneficial in tissue engineering applicationsforemost in regard to their body-mimicking structure. Small pore sizes and low porosities mayhowever limit cell infiltration and thereby creation of 3D functional tissues. The issue of cellinfiltration in electrospun constructs such as nonwoven polymer scaffolds for use in tissueengineering may be solved by a method of simultaneous integration i.e. integrating particlesduring the phase of production in the electrospinning process. In this thesis investigation of aproof-of-concept to the idea of in the future distributing living cells within the threedimensionalstructure during the process of electrospinning of a polymeric biomaterial weremade. To be able to conduct simple experiments glass particles with proper sizes are used tosubstitute living cells. During this thesis a novel method called spray electrospinning tookshape enabling a fine distribution of particles in an electrospun material.The work in this thesis shows that there are methods to simultaneously integrate particles inproduction of scaffold materials, one of these composed of spraying particles whileelectrospinning on a rotating collector. The experiments were done in order to compare thedifferent methods; Double, Coaxial and Spray electrospinning pointing out similarities anddifferences between the three. The methods used to characterize the materials include scalemeasurements and SEM image analysis to determine morphology, fibre diameter, layerthickness and distance between particles. Glass particles were used as substitutes for livingcells for the sake of proof of concept which showed that these can successfully be integratedsimultaneously in an electrospun material. However porosity and the number of particles haveto be further optimized for the material to be ready for use in tissue engineering.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 29 p.
Keyword [en]
Electrospinning, tissue engineering, biomaterial, polymer
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54349ISRN: LITH-IFM-A-EX--10/2228--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-54349DiVA: diva2:304545
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-03-26 Created: 2010-03-10 Last updated: 2010-03-26Bibliographically approved

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