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Psychiatric and somatic health in relation to expereince of parental divorce in childhood
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Social Psychiatry, ISSN 0020-7640, E-ISSN 1741-2854, Vol. 58, no 1, 16-25 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The outcome of studies about experience of parental divorce and effects on mental and physical health differs in result possibly caused by the use of different questionnaires and instruments, varying length of time since the divorce and divergent drop-off of participants.

Aims: To study the presence of psychiatric records and number of diagnosed somatic and mental health care visits in a group of young adults with childhood experience of parental divorce in comparison to a group without this experience.

Methods: The presence of a record at the public psychiatric clinics and ten years of administrative health care data (somatic and mental) was checked for both groups.

Results: Significantly more persons from the divorce group occurred in child and adolescent psychiatric care, most pronounced women. However, no significant difference between the groups in number of persons seeking adult psychiatry, or in number of psychiatric consultations was present. Experience of parental divorce was not either found to be an indicator of larger somatic health problems.

Conclusion: Experience of parental divorce in childhood is not an indicator of adult psychiatric or somatic need of care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2012. Vol. 58, no 1, 16-25 p.
Keyword [en]
Somatic health, parental divorce, psychiatric records
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54628DOI: 10.1177/0020764010382372ISI: 000297867400002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-54628DiVA: diva2:306039
Projects
Grown-up children of divorce: Expereinces and health
Available from: 2010-03-26 Created: 2010-03-26 Last updated: 2017-12-12
In thesis
1. Grown-up children of divorce: Experiences and health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Grown-up children of divorce: Experiences and health
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The comprehensive purpose of the thesis was to study the health and experiences, with a main focus on mental health, of a group of grown-up children of divorced parents in comparison to a group of persons without this experience. Mental health, experienced life events, narratives of divorce related experiences and personal resources were therefore examined in a group of young adults (age 22-33 years) whose parents divorced 15 years before the start of the first three studies. In addition to this, the presence of a child/adolescent and/or an adult psychiatric record and ten years of diagnosed physical health visits in the same but extended group (age 21-38 years) was examined 20 years after parental divorce. The outcomes of these examinations were compared with the outcomes of a group with married parents still living together, matched with the divorce group on age gender and living area. The results showed no major differences in mental health between the divorce and the non-divorce group, with the exception of women age 22-27 showing poorer mental health than the others in the study. Personal resources in this case SOC (Sense of Coherence) followed the same pattern, with no significant differences between the divorce and the non-divorce group, but with women age 22-27 showing lower SOC. The experiences/narratives told by the divorce group fell into one of two categories: one disappointment, the other contentment, with the first indicating non-optimal chances for adjustment to parental divorce and the other good. The run-through of psychiatric records showed no significant differences between the number of persons in need of adult psychiatric care in the divorce and the non-divorce group. A significant difference was present, however, in child- and adolescent psychiatric care pointing to a larger need for psychiatric care in the divorce group, a need most pronounced among girls. As concerned the number of diagnosed physical health care visits, only small differences between the groups were found. The main conclusion of the study was that experience of parental divorce in childhood is not found for a majority to be an experience determining poorer mental or somatic health in young adulthood.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2010. 58 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1173
Keyword
Parental divorce, mental health, somtic health, narratives
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54630 (URN)978-91-7393-428-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-04-29, Berzeliussalen, Hälsouniversitetet, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 09:00 (Swedish)
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Supervisors
Available from: 2010-03-30 Created: 2010-03-26 Last updated: 2010-03-30Bibliographically approved

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Ängarne-Lindberg, TeresiaWadsby, Marie

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