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Low-Power Low-Noise IQ Modulator Designs in 90nm CMOS for GSM/EDGE/WCDMA/LTE
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering.
2010 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Effekt- och Brus-Effektiva IQ Modulatorer i 90nm CMOS för GSM/EDGE/WCDMA/LTE (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

The current consumption of the IQ modulator is a significant part of the totalcurrent consumption of a mobile transmitter platform and reducing it is of greatinterest. Also, as the WCDMA/LTE standards specifies full duplex transmissionsand Tx and Rx are most often using the same antenna, it is crucial to have asolution with low noise generation. Two new proposals have been studied with theaim to reduce the current consumption and noise contribution of the IQ modulator.

A current mode envelope tracking IQM is the first of the studied designs. Thisimplementation lowers the bias currents in the circuit in relation to the amplitudeof the baseband input signals, meaning that a low input amplitude results in alowering of the current consumption. It proves to be very efficient for basebandsignals with a high peak-to-average ratio. Simulations and calculations have shownthat an average current reduction of 56 % can be achieved for an arbitrary LTEbaseband signal.

The second is an entirely new passive mixer design where the baseband voltagesare sequentially copied to the RF node, removing the need for V-to-I conversion inthe mixer which reduces current consumption and noise. Results from simulationshas proven that this design is fully capable of improving both current consumptionas well as the noise levels. With an output power of 4.0 dBm, the power consumptionwas 43.3 mW, including clock generating circuits. This, combined with thefact that the design is small and simple, means that there is definitely a possibilityto replace the present IQM design with a passive mixer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 84 p.
Keyword [en]
RF, ASIC, Analog Integrated Circuit, IQ Modulator, IQM, CMOS, 90nm, Predistortion, Mixer, Envelope Tracking, Direct Conversion
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54552ISRN: LiTH-ISY-EX--10/4330--SEOAI: diva2:308111
2010-03-19, Systemet, Linköpings universitet SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden, Linköping, 13:15 (English)
Available from: 2010-04-06 Created: 2010-03-23 Last updated: 2010-04-06Bibliographically approved

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