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Möjligheternas horisont: Etnicitet, utbildning och arbete i ungas berättelser om karriärer
Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2010 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Horizons of Opportunity : Ethnicity, Education and Work in Young People's Narratives about Careers (English)
Abstract [sv]

Den här avhandlingen handlar om hur unga med utländsk bakgrund berättar om sina liv och om hur de föreställer sig sina karriärval avseende utbildning och arbete. Syftet med avhandlingen är att analysera hur möjlighetshorisonter i relation till karriärskapet – de processer som genererar olika typer av karriärval – framträder i individuella berättelser. Studiens empiriska material grundar sig på fältarbete i en gymnasieskola under ett års tid. I fokus står två klasser med elever som studerats genom deltagande observationer och intervjuer.

Studien belyser hur familjens sociala position och föräldrarnas karriärer är en viktig hållpunkt mot vilken ungdomarna bedömer sina egna framtidsmöjligheter. Studien pekar på hur en av både social klass och etnicitet, strukturerad individualisering påverkar ungas karriärval och färgar deras möjlighetshorisonter. Dessutom belyser studien hur karriärval måste förstås i relation till en möjlighetshorisont som har både en temporal och en rumslig dimension. Ungdomarnas möjlighetshorisonter fördunklas dock av en uppfattad etnisk diskriminering på arbetsmarknaden men även av de etniska kategoriseringarnas påverkan på karriärskapet i skolan. När ungdomarna i narrativ mening positionerar sig i (föräldrarnas) hemlandssammanhang vidgas handlingsutrymmet i symbolisk men även i praktisk mening. Genom att ta hänsyn till en translokal position kan vi förstå hur positioneringar i skilda rumsliga sammanhang hänger samman med skiftningar i den möjlighetshorisont som karriärval relateras mot.

Abstract [en]

This thesis is about how young people of foreign background talk about their lives and how they perceive their career choices regarding education and work. The aim of the thesis is to analyze how horizons of opportunity in relation to careership – the processes that generate different kinds of career choices – appear in individual narratives. The empirical data were collected through fieldwork over the course of one year in an upper secondary school using different techniques: participant observation and interviews.

The analysis shows that the family’s social position and the parents’ careers form an important vantage point facilitating young people to assess future opportunities. Results indicate that structured individualization in terms both of social class and ethnicity affects young people's career choices and their horizons of opportunity. Furthermore, the study highlights how career choices need to be understood in relation to a horizon of opportunity encompassing both a temporal and a spatial dimension. Young people's horizons of opportunity are obscured by perceived ethnic discrimination in the labour market, as well as by ethnic categorizations at school affecting their careership. When young people in their narratives position themselves in the context of their parents' homeland, they extend the scope of action in a symbolic but also practical sense. By taking into account their translocal position, we see how positioning in different spatial contexts is associated with shifts in the horizon of opportunity that are related to career choices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2010. , 336 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 510
Keyword [en]
Career choice, career, youth, ethnicity, education, school, work, transition, narrative, horizon of opportunity, discrimination, transnationalism
Keyword [sv]
Karriärval, karriär, ungdomar, etnicitet, utbildning, skola, arbete, övergångar, narrativ, möjlighetshorisont, diskriminering, transnationalism
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54799ISBN: 978-91-7393-432-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-54799DiVA: diva2:310127
Public defence
2010-05-07, K2, Kåkenhus, Campus Norrköping, Linköpings universitet, Norrköping, 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-04-13 Created: 2010-04-13 Last updated: 2014-10-02Bibliographically approved

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Möjligheternas horisont : Etnicitet, utbildning och arbete i ungas berättelser om karriärer(1939 kB)7290 downloads
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Lundqvist, Catarina

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REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and SocietyDepartment of Social and Welfare StudiesFaculty of Arts and Sciences
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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More styles
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