Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE credits
Silver was used for its antimicrobial effect by the ancient Greeks, long before the existence of microorganisms were first suspected. Nowadays a wide range of antimicrobial dressings containing silver, either incorporated within or applied on the dressings, are available for clinical use. This type of dressings is designed to provide the antimicrobial activity of silver in a more convenient application.
The aim with this master thesis was to evaluate if silver release and antimicrobial effect of nine silver containing dressings are dependent on the test medium and if there is any relation between silver release and antimicrobial effect.
Release of silver and antimicrobial effect was evaluated by using a 6-well co-culture system, with inoculated test medium in the wells and dressing pieces in the culture well inserts. Three different test media with increased complexity and nutrient value were inoculated with either
Results show that release of silver depends on the test fluid used; for phosphate buffered saline (PBS), the silver concentration was as most 1.2 ppm, but for a complex media containing calf serum (SWF), it varied from 9 ppm to 134 ppm. The viable counts in PBS were reduced by at least 3 log units for all dressings and bacteria, whereas in SWF there were no reduction and instead growth was observed. In general, a high release resulted in less bacterial growth. Results also indicated that kinetics of silver release affect the antimicrobial effect. It is likely to assume that it is important for a dressing to release silver quickly.
It has previously not been possible to correlate silver release of wound care dressings and antimicrobial effect, since the two factors have been measured in different test systems and in different media. Since both factors depend on test medium and method used, it is shown in the present study that it is important to use relevant test medium for in-vitro evaluation. When measuring silver release and antimicrobial effect in the same test system, a relation is found.
2010. , 55 p.