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Single-cell analysis of the common lymphoid progenitor compartment reveals functional and molecular heterogeneity
Lund Strategic Research Center for Stem Cell Biology and Cell Therapy, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Experimental Hematology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Experimental Hematology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Experimental Hematology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
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2010 (English)In: Blood, ISSN 0006-4971, E-ISSN 1528-0020, Vol. 115, no 13, 2601-2609 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To investigate molecular events involved in the regulation of lymphoid lineage commitment, we crossed lambda 5 reporter transgenic mice to Rag1-GFP knockin mice. This allowed us to subfractionate common lymphoid progenitors and pre-pro-B (fraction A) cells into lambda 5(-)Rag1(low), lambda 5(-)Rag1(high), and lambda 5(+)Rag1(high) cells. Clonal in vitro differentiation analysis demonstrated that Rag1(low) cells gave rise to B/T and NK cells. Rag1(high) cells displayed reduced NK-cell potential with preserved capacity to generate B- and T-lineage cells, whereas the lambda 5(+) cells were B-lineage restricted. Ebf1 and Pax5 expression was largely confined to the Rag1high populations. These cells also expressed a higher level of the surface protein LY6D, providing an additional tool for the analysis of early lymphoid development. These data suggest that the classic common lymphoid progenitor compartment composes a mixture of cells with relatively restricted lineage potentials, thus opening new possibilities to investigate early hematopoiesis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society of Hematology , 2010. Vol. 115, no 13, 2601-2609 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54870DOI: 10.1182/blood-2009-08-236398ISI: 000276201000009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-54870DiVA: diva2:310843
Available from: 2010-04-16 Created: 2010-04-16 Last updated: 2017-12-12
In thesis
1. What’s in a name?: Sub-fractionation of common lymphoid progenitors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What’s in a name?: Sub-fractionation of common lymphoid progenitors
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The hematopoietic system is a highly dynamic organ developed in many multi-cellular organisms to provide oxygen, prevent bleeding and to protect against microorganisms. The blood consist of many different specialized cells that all derive from rare hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) located in the bone marrow in mice and humans. Blood cell production from HSCs occurs in a stepwise manner through development of intermediate progenitors that gradually loose lineage potentials. This is a tightly regulated process with complex regulatory mechanisms and many checkpoints that ensure a high and balanced production of blood cells. One of the fundamental questions in hematopoiesis relates to how the maturation of the cells is controlled and driven towards defined cell fates. The understanding of these processes is largely facilitated by isolation of intermediate populations of cells at defined stages of development.

This thesis is focused on the regulatory mechanisms that regulate the maturation of B-lymphocytes constituting an important part of adaptive immunity by being responsible for the production of antibodies. It has been suggested that all the lymphoid cells have a common lineage restricted ancestor defined as a Lin-KitloSca1loFlt3+IL7R+ common lymphoid progenitor (CLP). These cells are believed retain the combined potentials for B, T and NK cells and it has been presumed that commitment of CLPs to B lineage is associated with expression of CD19 and B220 on progenitor B-cells.

The aim of this thesis has been to identify the point of no return in B-cell development in order to allow for a better understanding of lineage restriction events in early lymphopoesis.

To this end, we have used reporter transgenic mice where marker gene expression has been controlled by the transcription regulatory elements from one early lymphoid marker (Rag1) and one B-lymphoid restricted gene (λ5, Igll1). This allowed us to identify three functionally distinct sub-populations within the conventional CLP compartment. The cells were identified as CLPRaglowλ5- cells retaining B, T, Nk and a limited myeloid potential while up-regulation of Rag1 to generate CLPRaghighλ5- cells, was associated with loss of Nk potential as well as of the residual myeloid potential. Ultimately expression of λ5 in the CLPRag1highλ5+ compartment identifies the first committed B cells. Hence, our data suggest that the point of no return in B-cell development can be found within the CD19- CLP compartment. Using this new model for B-cell development, we investigated the instructive vs. permissive role of IL7 signaling in B cell commitment. Our results show that in absence of IL7, CLP maturation is impaired and generation of the earliest committed B-lineage cells is severely impaired. CLP maturation could not be rescued by ectopic expression of the anti-apoptotic Bcl2 protein even though the cells were able to generate normal B lineage cells after restoration of the IL7 signal. These findings suggest that Il7 is crucial for the maturation of lineage restricted CLPs and provide support for an instructive role of IL7 in early Bcell development.

This thesis highlights the importance of precise identification of the point of commitment in B cell development and provides insight to the hematopoietic hierarchical model with the potential to serve as a map to better understand the mechanisms of hematopoietic disorders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2010. 57 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1214
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-61590 (URN)978-91-7393-284-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-11-29, Linden, Hälsouniversitetet, Campus US, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (English)
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Available from: 2010-11-17 Created: 2010-11-17 Last updated: 2010-12-14Bibliographically approved

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Zandi, SasanWelinder, EvaTsapogas, PanagiotisSigvardsson, Mikael

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