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Use of macroporous gelatine spheres as a biodegradable scaffold for guided tissue regeneration of healthy dermis in humans: An in vivo study
Linköping University, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, Plastic Surgery, Hand Surgery and Burns. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of Plastic Surgery, Hand surgery and Burns.
Linköping University, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, Plastic Surgery, Hand Surgery and Burns. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of Plastic Surgery, Hand surgery and Burns.
Linköping University, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, Plastic Surgery, Hand Surgery and Burns. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, Plastic Surgery, Hand Surgery and Burns. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of Plastic Surgery, Hand surgery and Burns.
2010 (English)In: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, ISSN 1748-6815, E-ISSN 1532-1959, Vol. 63, no 5, 848-857 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

If a biodegradable scaffold is applied, the dermis can be regenerated by guided tissue regeneration. Scaffolds can stimulate in-growth of cells from the surroundings that migrate into them and start to produce autologous extracellular matrix as the scaffold is degraded. Several materials are available, but most of them are in the form of sheets and need to be laid on an open wound surface. A number of injectable fillers have been developed to correct soft-tissue defects. However, none of these has been used for guided tissue regeneration. We present a new technique that could possibly be used to correct dermal defects by using macroporous gelatine spheres as a biodegradable scaffold for guided tissue regeneration. In eight healthy volunteers, intradermal injections of macroporous gelatine spheres were compared with injections of saline and hyaluronic acid (Restylane (R)). Full-thickness skin biopsy specimens of the implants and surrounding tissue were removed 2, 8, 12 and 26 weeks after injection, and the (immuno) histological results were analysed. The Restylane (R) merely occupied space. It shattered the dermal tissue and compressed collagen fibres and cells at the interface between the implant and the dermis. No regeneration of tissue was found with this material at any time. The macroporous gelatine spheres were populated with fibroblasts already after 2 weeks. After 8 weeks the spheres were completely populated by fibroblasts producing dermal tissue. After 12 and 26 weeks, the gelatine spheres had been more or less completely resorbed and replaced by vascularised neodermis. There were no signs of capsular formation, rejection or adverse events in any subject. Further in vivo studies in humans are needed to evaluate the effect of the macroporous spheres fully as a matrix for guided tissue regeneration with and without cellular pre-seeding. However, the results of this study indicate the possibility of using macroporous gelatine spheres as an injectable, three-dimensional, degradable matrix for guided tissue regeneration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Science B.V.amsterdam , 2010. Vol. 63, no 5, 848-857 p.
Keyword [en]
Filler, Soft-tissue defect, Guided tissue regeneration, Tissue engineering, Plastic surgery, Human
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54859DOI: 10.1016/j.bjps.2009.01.068ISI: 000276199700021OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-54859DiVA: diva2:310853
Available from: 2010-04-16 Created: 2010-04-16 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Guided Regeneration of the Human Skin: in vitro and in vivo studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Guided Regeneration of the Human Skin: in vitro and in vivo studies
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Every day and in all parts of the world, humans experience different grades of wounding and tissue loss of the skin, thus initiating one of the most complex biological processes. Acute and chronic wounds, as well as the additional problem of skin scarring, involve not only great suffering for the patient but also extensive health care costs for the society. Although the wound-healing process is a wellstudied field much knowledge must be gained to unlock the door to regenerative pathways in humans.

Epidermis heals by complete regeneration, but dermal and full thickness injuries heal with fibrosis and scar formation. In Papers I and II, we studied whether dermal scarring could be turned into regeneration by using two different types of threedimensional dermal scaffolds. In Paper I, we studied a solid scaffold made of poly(urethane urea), initially in vitro then followed by in vivo studies. In Paper II, we intradermally injected a liquid three-dimensional scaffold consisting of porous gelatin spheres in human healthy volunteers. Both materials showed ingrowth of functional fibroblasts and blood vessels and appeared to stimulate regeneration while slowly degrading. This finding could be of significant clinical importance, for example in burn wound care or after cancer surgery.

In Papers III and IV, we wanted to study the effects of amniotic fluid and hyaluronic acid on adult wound healing, because early fetal wounds re-epithelialize rapidly and naturally heal dermis by regeneration without the need of a dermal scaffold. Amniotic fluid, naturally rich in hyaluronic acid, induced an accelerated reepithelialization of adult human wounds in vitro, and hyaluronic acid seemed to be important for this effect. Stimulation with exogenous hyaluronic acid in vivo induced accelerated re-epithelialization and an altered protein expression in healthy human volunteers. The inflammatory phase of wound healing, as measured by tissue viability imaging, was not affected by hyaluronic acid. Elucidating the effects of amniotic fluid and hyaluronic acid on the wound-healing process may allow improved treatment of wounds with impaired healing.

Studies on finding new dermal scaffolds and studies on the positive effect of amniotic fluid or hyaluronic acid on the wound-healing process are two different ways of gaining insight that may lead to regeneration and improved wound healing for the patient.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2015. 95 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1450
National Category
Medical Bioscience Cell Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-115598 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-115598 (DOI)978-91-7519-114-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-04-20, Berzeliussalen, Campus US, Linköping, 09:00 (Swedish)
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Supervisors
Available from: 2015-03-17 Created: 2015-03-17 Last updated: 2015-03-17Bibliographically approved

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Huss, FredrikNyman, ErikaBolin, Johanna S CKratz, Gunnar

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Plastic Surgery, Hand Surgery and BurnsFaculty of Health SciencesDepartment of Plastic Surgery, Hand surgery and BurnsDepartment of Medical and Health Sciences
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Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery
Medical and Health Sciences

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